Problematic Behavior or Activity
This program was developed as part of Justice Reinvestment, a statewide effort to reduce prison use after a nearly 50 percent increase in Oregon’s incarceration rate from 2000 to 2010. In an effort to reduce the number of people Union County sends to state prison, the county chose to maximize the number of approved short-term transitional leave applicants, increase communication between parole and probation officers and the District Attorney’s office regarding downward departures, and expand service and treatment options available to offenders under community supervision.
Impact on the Community
Without intensive supervision, this population is are more likely to continue to victimize citizens in the community.
Offenders receiving downward departures or reentering the community through short-term transitional leave (STTL) are placed under intensive supervision and receive programming that includes cognitive behavioral therapy and day reporting. Those on STTL also have access to transitional housing. The goal of the program is a high frequency of contact and a balance of sanctions and services in order to change behavior and prevent future recidivism.
For someone entering the program pre-sentencing, a screening assessment is conducted and information is shared between the District Attorney’s office and the adult parole and probation office regarding the defendant’s appropriateness for community supervision. Offenders determined to qualify for a downward departure are required to enter the intensive supervision program for six months at the beginning of their original supervision plan based on their sentence.
Based on Research
- Use of validated risk-assessment tools
- Blending of risk management and accountability with rehabilitative or risk-reducing strategies (Dosage Probation: Rethinking the Structure of Probation Sentences, Center for Effective Public Policy)
- Use of cognitive behavioral therapy, specifically Moral Reconation Therapy (What Works: Effective Recidivism Reduction and Risk-Focused Prevention Programs, Roger Przybylski)
- Use of transitional housing to reduce barriers to reentry (What Works, Roger Przybylski)
- Use of balanced sanctions and services model
This program is funded by a $178,484 grant through the state’s 2015-17 Justice Reinvestment Grant Program. This grant supports personnel, jail beds, and transitional housing.
Proposed outcomes include:
- Increase in offenders successfully completing programming and treatment
- Increase in downward departures granted
- Increase in STTL applicants accepted
- Decrease in recidivism rates
- Decrease in county prison usage
Critical Success Factors
The program has not yet been implemented; it is too soon to identify the factors critical to its success.
The program has not yet been implemented; it is too soon to provide advice.